PUNE-POST INDEPENDENCE

By Divyanshi → Tuesday, 11 April 2017
Pune is the 9th most popular city in India and second most popular in its state Maharashtra.Pune is known as the “Oxford of the east” because of the presence of many well known educational institutes and is emerging as an educational hub recently. Pune is also one of the fastest growing cities in the Asia-Pacific region.  Pune has had a traditional old-economic base as most of the old industries continue to grow. The city is known for its manufacturing and automobile industries, as well as for research institutes of information technology (IT), education, management and training, which attracts students, and professionals from India, South East Asia, the Middle East and Africa. A few college in the Europe have also actively engaged in Student-exchange programs with several colleges in Pune.

CULTURE:
 Pune was important centre in social and religious reforms and many reform movements took place here. Many freedom fighters, including Bal Gangadhar Tilak, lived here in pune.Hinduism is the dominant religion in Pune. Major communities by religion include Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, and Christians. Many Temples, Churches, Mosque, Gurudwaras, Buddhist Viharas, Jewish synagogues, Jain temples, and other religious buildings are found throughout the city.

ECONOMY:
After independence,pune saw a lot of development.National defence academy was established, national industrial development started in 1950’s and New businesses like floriculture, food processing, and wineries started developing in pune.Many industries like TELCO have established their manufacturing plants in Pune. Pune was the largest military camp for the British forces during the Raj era. As one of the largest cities of India and major centre of learning with several colleges and universities, Pune is emerging as a prominent location for IT and manufacturing. Pune has the eighth largest metropolitan economy. Since the 1950s and 1960s, Pune has had a traditional old-economic base as most of the old industries continue to grow. The city is known for its manufacturing and automobile industries, as well as for research institutes of information technology (IT), education, management and training, which attracts students, and professionals from India, South East Asia, the Middle East and Africa. A few college in the Europe have also actively engaged in Student-exchange programs with several colleges in Pune.

TRANSPORT:

BY MEANS OF AIR:

Pune International Airport is an international Airport at Lohegaon, operated by the Airports Authority of India. It shares its runways with the neighbouring Indian Air Force base.  In addition to domestic flights to all major Indian cities, this airport serves international direct flights to Dubai (operated by Air India Express) and to Frankfurt (operated by Lufthansa).

RAIL:

Local trains (EMUs) connect Pune to the industrial town of Pimpri-Chinchwad and the hill station of Lonavala , while daily express trains connect Pune to Mumbai, Hyderabad,  Delhi, Nagpur, Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Coimbatore, Chennai, Bangalore, Allahabad, Kanpur, Howrah, Jammu Tawi, Darbhanga, Goa, Gwalior, Varanasi, Bhubaneswar, Patna, and Jamshedpur. At Pune, there is a diesel locomotive shed and an electric trip shed.

ROADS:

Both public and private transport are popular in Pune. Public buses within the city and its suburbs are operated by the Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited (PMPML). Pune is well-connected to other cities by Indian highways and state highways. National Highway 4 (NH 4) connects it to Mumbai, Bangalore and Kolhapur. NH 9 to Hyderabad, and NH 50 to Nashik. State highways connect it to Ahmednagar, Aurangabad, and Alandi. The Mumbai Pune Expressway, (officially known as the Yashwantrao Chavan Mumbai Pune Expressway) is India's first six-lane concrete, high-speed, access controlled tolled expressway. spans a distance of almost 100 kms connecting Mumbai, the administrative capital of Maharashtra and the financial capital of India, with Pune, an industrial and educational hub.



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