Udaipur, the city of lakes, is one of the important destinations of Rajasthan. It holds a very important part in the history as well. It was the capital of the kingdom of Mewar. The king Maharaja Udai singh, made the city as the capital shifting it from previous capital Chittorgarh. During the British era, it was princely state, and became part of Rajasthan after Independence.

udaipur


The city is famous tourist destination for the presence of many Rajput era palaces, natural beauty, scenic locations, culture and historical importance.
Udaipur was one of the first 20 cities, selected to be developed as a smart city by the government of India. The city attracts many tourists from national and international places. The city is also sometimes called the Venice of the East. The lakes of the city form an interconnected network. Small row boats take the passengers and goods to the destination using these lakes. The major lakes include: Udaisagar Lake, Pichola, Fateh Sagar, Rang Sagar, Goverdhan Sagar, etc. The water is available round the year and helps recharge the ground water.
Agriculture is the backbone of the economy of the city. The availability of water round the year and good soil, helps farmers yield good crops. Major crops of the area are Maize, Jowar, Wheat, Mustard, Pulses, groundnuts, etc.
Cash crops like cotton, tobacco, spices also fetch good business for the farmers. Vegetation is also major part of the agriculture related works, which harvests vegies like brinjals, potatoes, etc. The crops from the region and remote locations are taken to the main market for business. The farmers get good price for the crops in the city market. The availability of good road network enables the farmers and traders, bring their product to the main market. There are educational institutions for the agricultural field, which are indulged in research and designing of new technologies for farming and agriculture which will help the farmers in the longer run.
Handicrafts market is also one of the major employment generating and profit yielding sector of the city. Paintings, terracotta, silver arts, marble articles and handicraft are well known market. The handloom works by the local craftsmen is very famous in the international market. The demand is neutral round the year and supplied to other parts of the country as well. The handicraft and cottage industry is the major contributor to the economy of the city. The initiative like Shilpgram helps the individual craftsmen get the necessary help by the authorities and proper platform for the business.
Tourism sector is one of the evergreen sector of the city. Tourists from over the globe come here round the year. Many of the palaces are turned into hotels by the care takers to generate revenue by providing services likewise. Some of the most expensive hotels and resorts of the country are located in Udaipur. The Taj Lake Palace, Leela palace, etc. are the ace players of the market. The main reason of the tourist attraction is the hospitality provided by the management of the palaces and hotels. The Royal hospitality of Udaipur is world famous. This is the reason that the city is famous marriage destination and attracts people from around the globe to come here for marriage ceremony.
Udaipur is rich in minerals and metals resources. The marble mountains are also in abundance. The marbles are exclusively mines, processed and exported to all over the world. The pride of India, The Taj Mahal was built by the marbles of Udaipur. The marble industry is one of the largest revenue generating and contributor of the economy of the city. The major minerals found here includes Copper, lead, zinc, silver, phosphate, asbestos, calcite, lime-stone Talc, barites, Wollaston etc. Many factories are set up to refine these minerals and resources, process them and transport them to the other parts of the country. According to a government report the production of minerals for the year of 2010-2011 are as follows:

S. No.
Name of Mineral
Production (MT)
1
Lime Stone
81870
2
Marble
17630
3
Lead
22217
4
Zinc
58970
5
Asbetos
13670
6
Rock Phosphate
971440
7
Calcite
2580
8
Banite
6100
9
Building Stone
219870
10
Bajri
1533610

Retail business is also prominent in the city. With changing time and the increment in the standard of living of the people has increased their purchasing power. This lured the investors to invest in the real estate and retail sector. Traditional markets are present initially where people exchange goods and services. With the new economy and growing of mall culture in rest of the country, the new malls are also coming up in the city. Celebrations mall, Lakecity mall, City Center mall, etc., are becoming the new destination for the people. The presence of malls, also fetches outlets of National and International brands like Pantaloons, Dominos, Pizza Hut, Zara, Peter England, Louis Phillip, etc.
The city is well connected with other major hub for the business. The city is the part of the Golden Quadrilateral, and hence is connected directly to the major cities of the region. The roads are paved and fit for all kind of vehicles. The goods and services are transported to the other cities via trucks and freights. The local transport is provided by the state transport RSRTC.
Udaipur has direct connectivity with the places like Mumbai, Delhi, Jaipur, Kolkata, Surat, Agra, etc. via the railway line. The world famous luxurious trains like Maharaja Express, Palace on Wheels, Royal Rajasthan, runs via Udaipur.
Air connectivity is also available in the city. The domestic airport has direct flights to Mumbai, Delhi, Jaipur, etc. The airport is currently being expanded in the hope of getting status of International Airport in the future.
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