KANPUR-Industrial Development Post Independence

By shivam → Thursday, 26 January 2017


The name of Kanpur brings a picture of industries in our minds . This city of " Bhaiya Logs " is the second most industrially developed North Indian city after Delhi . Kanpur is the twelfth city in the list of population stats of India . Such a large population  of 2.551 million means more requirements , whether it is daily products or transport services or other services , and this is the bud which helps Industries to grow . Kanpur is also connected to major Indian cities ,which is a key factor for the smooth trade and economy of this region . Transport services and freight services are the backbone of such a good industrial development in this region . Kanpur Smart city project adds up to its growth for the coming years . 


Kanpur has traditionally been an industrial city and on economic center . At one point in time it was the second most industrialized city in India being second only to Calcutta. Due to large number of cotton textile units and a vibrant trade center for cotton it was also called he ‘Manchester of India’. Kanpur has several locational advantages i.e. location at a vantage point on two national highways i.e. NH2 and NH25; raw material availability for many industries viz. leather, food processing, plastics etc., proximity to large markets, availability of skilled manpower due to various institutes located within Kanpur (viz. Institute of Technology, Chander Shekhar Azad Agricultural University, Central Pulse Research Institute, Leather Institute etc.) and existing traditional industrial base attracting skilled workers to the city.
During the British times, it was mainly the industries related to tanneries, cotton and woolen clothes production, sugar mills, flour mills, refineries which were established in Kanpur. Kanpur during that time was of strategic importance for movement of troops from one region of the country to another. This lead to development of a large cantonment base at Kanpur and contributed to development of leather industry in the form of various saddle units catering to the requirement of British troupes. After independence, Kanpur continued to be an important city and large public sector companies such as British India Corporation, National Textile Corporation, ordnance factories, etc were set up here. Private sector also set up large units such as many factories of JK Industries group, Lohia machines, Duncans, etc. At present, Kanpur has mostly industries relating to leather shoe making and cotton textiles. Other factories include manufacture silk, woolen and jute textiles, food products, fire-bricks, fertilizers, railway wagons, textile machinery, television sets, metal ware, leather goods, soap, tents, durries, fountain pens, hosiery, cutlery, television picture tubes, etc. In Kanpur (MC) the banking services were availed by only 61 percent of the households (Census 2001). About 8 percent of the households did not possess basic assets such as vehicles (bicycles, scooter, moped, car, jeep, etc.), televisions and radios.


Due to its industrial environment , Kanpur is known as the economic capital of Uttar Pradesh . Kanpur is a major center for the leather and textile industry. Leather tanneries form the industrial base of the city.  These products are exported in bulk from here. Also, several industries were set up to supply materials and machinery to the armed forces of the country. Apart from these, other industries that are making a significant contribution to the economy of the city are fertilizers, plastics, two wheelers, chemicals, IT, detergent, food packaging and jewellery making. Kanpur is also an important sugar producing center in the country.

The advantages that the city of Kanpur enjoys are good connectivity via road, railway and airway. The availability of raw materials for various industries in the city is easy. Accessibility to large markets is available. Moreover, there is no dearth of skilled and unskilled workforce in the city. The city also has good baking facilities. Several major Indian business houses have branches in Kanpur.

The telecommunication, power and water facilities have improved tremendously in the past few years. The civic authorities are trying to better them everyday.

Kanpur is a major industrial center and is an important revenue contributor to the Indian economy. The Central government of the country has proclaimed Kanpur the “Town of Export Excellence.” This means more subsidies and incentives for exporters.

The city is home to some premier technical and management institutes in the country. Thus, finding a professional and hard working employee is not difficult in Kanpur.

The manufacturing industry of Kanpur presently draws most of the investments to the city; however the economic climate of the city is dynamic and other sectors are also quickly emerging as profitable. Since Uttar Pradesh is one of the largest producers of food grains and milk in the country, it makes sense to develop the food processing industry in Kanpur.

Even though the manufacturing industry dominates the economic scene of Kanpur, the government of Uttar Pradesh is taking initiatives to promote the IT industry in a big way. 
The transportation services are also good here . Not only public transport but also industrial goods delivery and freight services are awesome here . You can even enjoy freight services through online booking via websites like GoodsOnMove , which provies simple and easy booking service and saves your time , money and hassle!!
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