GHAZIABAD - Industrial Development Post Independence

By Vivek → Friday, 27 January 2017


The District  Ghaziabad, a growing industrial city , has an important place in industrial development in Uttar Pradesh. Industries are divided into three categorized depending upon production, employment and turnover.
  • Small Scale Industries
  • Medium Scale Industries
  • Large Scale / Heavy Industries
The number of small-scale industries functioning in the district are 14,160 and have a capital investment of  Rs. 270.00 crores a employing  about 73,130 workers. They undertake the manufacture of a variety of commodities, goods etc.The number of medium/heavy industries functioning in the district are 145  and have a capital investment of Rs. 2,930.86 crores,  giving employment to about 31,200 workers.

ghaziabad development

Although connected by railway since 1865, it was not until 1940 that the first modern industry appeared in Ghaziabad. However, it was in the post-independence period that industry really expanded, with a further 22 factories opening in the four years after 1947. This development can be attributed to the influx of people from the newly formed Pakistan and the relocation of businesses from what was now the Pakistani province of Punjab. John Oakey and Mohan Ltd., one of India's largest concerns manufacturing coated and bonded abrasives, and originally functioning under the name of 'National Abrasives' at Rawalpindi was shifted here under the proprietorship of 'Dyer Meakins' in 1947. Subsequently, the Mohan Meakin breweries were also set up in the year 1949. This period also saw the development of Ghaziabad as one of India's most famous centres of the Oil Engines industry.
industries ghaziabad


In 1967, the municipal limits were extended up to the Delhi-UP border. Starting early 1970s, a large number of steel manufacturing units also came up in the city making it one of the primary industries of the city. This period also saw the emergence of the Electronics industry, with the setting up of Bharat Electronics Limited and Central Electronics Limited Over the years, planned Industrial development saw participation from major industrial houses of the country including Mohans (Mohan Nagar Industrial Estate, 1949), Tatas (Tata Oil Mills), Modis (Modinagar, 1933; International Tobacco Co. 1967), Shri Rams (Shri Ram Pistons, 1964), Jaipurias etc. and also significant participation through foreign capital in concerns such as Danfoss India Ltd. (estd. 1968); Indo- Bulgar Food Ltd. and International Tobacco Company (estd. 1967).

Road


road ghaziabad

A proposal has been made to widen National Highway 24 (NH-24) from four to sixteen lanes on the stretch between the Ghaziabad-Delhi border and Dasna. As a large number of residential and commercial projects are coming up along the highway. Some major developers which have invested heavily on NH-24 are SARE, Mahagun, Antriksh, Crossings Republik, Ansal, Wave etc. Places on NH-24 and National Highway 58 are flourishing as residential options to the capital because of their proximity to Delhi.

Rail


ghaziabad rail

Ghaziabad railway station is on the Kanpur-Delhi section of Howrah-Delhi main line, Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line And New Delhi-Moradabad-Lucknow line. It is located in Ghaziabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It serves Ghaziabad.
Local electric trains are available regularly from Ghaziabad for stations in the National Capital Region. Distance: New Delhi railway station (26 km), Old Delhi railway station (20 km), Hazrat Nizamuddin railway station (23 km), Anand Vihar (13 km).

Metro


metro ghaziabad


The Delhi Metro extends to Dilshad Garden station which is situated at the Apsara Border. At present, it serves the areas of Shalimar Garden, Rajendra Nagar and other neighbouring colonies. This line will be extended to New Bus Stand, Ghaziabad by 2016-17. Work for the same already started in December 2014. Another station exists at Vaishali, which serves that area as well as Vasundhara and Indirapuram, and there is also a station at Kaushambi.


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